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Polycystic Ovary Syndrome, commonly known as PCOS, is a complex hormonal disorder affecting females during childbearing age. PCOS can manifest in various ways, impacting not only reproductive health but also overall well-being. PCOS is characterized by an elevated level of androgens (male hormones) in relation to estrogen and progesterone. This hormonal imbalance leads to the formation of small, fluid-filled cysts on the ovaries. While the exact cause of PCOS remains unclear, a combination of genetic, environmental, and lifestyle factors is believed to contribute to its development.

Common signs and symptoms include irregular menstrual cycles, excess facial and body hair (hirsutism), acne, and weight gain. Additionally, PCOS is often associated with metabolic issues, such as insulin resistance, which can increase the risk of type 2 diabetes.

Regular physical activity helps regulate insulin levels, reduce weight, and alleviate symptoms. A balanced diet, emphasizing whole foods and managing carbohydrate intake, can also contribute to improved insulin sensitivity. Additionally, stress management and sufficient sleep play crucial roles in the overall well-being of individuals with PCOS.

Living with PCOS can be challenging, both physically and emotionally. By understanding the underlying causes, recognizing symptoms, seeking appropriate medical care, and making positive lifestyle changes, individuals with PCOS can lead fulfilling lives.

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